Miao Wei: it is important and urgent to speed up the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries
unswervingly develop advanced manufacturing and promote the strategy of building a strong manufacturing country is an important foundation and main support for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. On November 18, the "2019 national manufacturing Power Construction Expert Forum (Quanzhou)" was held in Quanzhou, Fujian Province, and read out the proposal for the establishment of the traditional industry intelligent upgrading alliance. Miao Wei, Minister of the Ministry of industry and information technology, and Lin Baojin, vice governor of the people's Government of Fujian Province, attended and delivered a speech. Zhou Ji, former president of the Chinese Academy of engineering and director of the national manufacturing Power Construction Strategy Advisory Committee, delivered a keynote speechMiao Wei pointed out that manufacturing industry is the main body of the real economy and the core engine to promote long-term and stable economic growth. p>
"intelligent manufacturing is a large-scale innovation and optimization system covering the whole life cycle of products. It should take intelligent manufacturing as the main direction. Relevant enterprises should actively establish good cooperative relations with domestic and foreign associations, organizations and institutions to promote the optimization and upgrading of traditional manufacturing industry." Zhou Ji believes First of all, traditional industries account for 80% of the added value of industries above Designated Size, and are still the main body of the industrial economy. The transformation and upgrading of traditional industries is related to the overall situation of promoting the high-quality development of manufacturing industry. Secondly, traditional industries such as textiles, clothing and household appliances are related to the national economy and the people's livelihood. They are important industries to stabilize employment and foreign trade, and also an important source of new momentum cultivation. For example, many strategic emerging industries such as new energy vehicles and new materials come from the transformation and upgrading of traditional industriesMiao Wei believes that we must attach great importance to promoting the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, especially under the current situation of major changes in China's external environment, increased risks and challenges, and increased downward pressure on the economy, accelerating the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries and maintaining the steady and healthy development of traditional industries are very important for stabilizing industrial fundamentals, promoting the upgrading of the manufacturing industry chain, and promoting economic recovery
Zhou Ji said that cultivating new driving forces and promoting the high-quality development of manufacturing industry mainly focus on two aspects: one is to cultivate and develop strategic emerging industries, and the other is to pay close attention to the transformation and upgrading of traditional manufacturing industry
"we must attach equal importance to the cultivation and development of emerging industries and the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, and firmly grasp the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries as an important support to promote the high-quality development of manufacturing industry." Miao Wei emphasized
Luchuan, President of XCMG Construction Machinery Co., Ltd., said that the basis of high-quality development of manufacturing industry is product innovation, and product R & D is the source of intelligent manufacturing, and the core is the comprehensive digitization and intellectualization of R & D process
the manufacturing industry should continue to explore the application of artificial intelligence
Zhou Ji introduced that the optimization and upgrading of the traditional manufacturing industry is one of the main tasks of building a manufacturing power, and it is also one of the main aspects of the manufacturing industry from the low-end to the high-end. At present, the traditional manufacturing industry is the most competitive sector in the "made in China", but there is still some vague understanding of the importance of the traditional manufacturing industry in the society, and even the wrong view of "traditional manufacturing industry = overcapacity, traditional manufacturing industry = low-end industry, traditional manufacturing industry = sunset industry"
"because of these misconceptions, many people only pay attention to the service industry and ignore the manufacturing industry, only pay attention to the cultivation and development of emerging industries and ignore the optimization and upgrading of traditional industries". Zhou Ji emphasized
Zhou Ji believes that traditional manufacturing ≠ overcapacity. The main problem in China's traditional manufacturing industry is the structural contradiction of "serious surplus of medium and low-end products and serious shortage of medium and high-end products". The rush purchase of toilet lids by ordinary people abroad is a typical example. From the middle and low end of the world industrial chain to the middle and high end, the traditional manufacturing industry has an extremely broad market space and an extremely bright development future; Traditional manufacturing ≠ low-end industry. Any industry can be divided into low-end, middle-end and high-end industries. As long as the traditional manufacturing industry has undergone technological transformation and intelligent upgrading, it can become a high-end manufacturing industry; Traditional manufacturing ≠ sunset industry. People hope that their basic living needs, such as dressing well, eating healthily and living comfortably, will never change and are constantly upgrading. "Traditional industries can become sunrise industries as long as they undergo the transformation of old and new driving forces." Zhou Ji pointed out
Lu Chuan said that intelligent manufacturing will "reshape" the new pattern of manufacturing competition in the future. First, in the field of manufacturing, we should continue to explore the application of artificial intelligence to realize software defined manufacturing; Second, continue to improve the level of intelligent operation, enrich customer experience, build an "alliance" with the concept of openness, sharing and co construction, and build an intelligent manufacturing development ecosystem
promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries from five aspects
Miao Wei requirements, promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, and focus on the following aspects: first, adhere to the new development concept. China's economy has shifted from the stage of high-speed growth to the stage of high-quality development. The transformation and upgrading of traditional industries can no longer rely on the old road of "extensive" development. We should meet the needs of industrial upgrading and consumption upgrading, closely follow the requirements of high-quality development, take the supply side structural reform as the main line, strengthen innovation drive, and improve quality and brand. We should improve labor productivity and total factor productivity and accelerate the upgrading to the middle and high end of the industrial value chain
second, we should focus on intelligent manufacturing. We should firmly grasp the evolution trend of scientific and technological revolution and industrial reform, adhere to intelligent manufacturing as the main direction of attack, deepen the integrated development of artificial intelligence, 5g, industrial interconnection and other new generation information technology with the manufacturing industry, and use the new generation information technology to transform the manufacturing industry into a full element, full process and full industrial chain. We should speed up the development of intelligent management, intelligent production and intelligent services, and promote the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry to digitalization, networking and intelligence
third, we should pay attention to the important way of technological transformation. With the deepening of China's industrialization process, there is no diameter In the past 05 ~ -0.20mm, technological transformation will play a more prominent role in expanding effective industrial investment, accelerating the industrialization of new technologies, and continuously promoting industrial upgrading. China has great potential to expand technological transformation. We should comply with the direction of industrial upgrading, and continue to promote technological transformation and equipment upgrading of enterprises, focusing on intelligence, green, quality and safety. We should accelerate the integration and application of new technologies, new processes, new materials, new equipment, new formats and new models, and speed up the improvement of quality and efficiency in traditional industries. Local governments should be encouraged to set up special funds and carry out special actions for technological transformation according to local conditions, so as to continuously improve the quality and efficiency of the development of traditional industries
fourth, we should pay attention to maintaining the integrity of the industrial chain. In recent years, with the continuous upgrading of domestic industries, changes in the country's external environment, the steady rise of domestic factors, tightening environmental constraints and other factors, some labor-intensive and resource dependent manufacturing enterprises have increased their outreach, which is generally in line with the law of economic development, but it is also necessary to prevent a large number of industries from transferring too fast. We should pay attention to maintaining the integrity of the industrial chain, and promote the technological progress of enterprises and reduce costs and increase efficiency through transformation and upgrading. We should actively guide large and medium-sized enterprises to form stable cooperative relations, establish a closely coordinated industrial ecosystem, and build a number of highly rooted advanced manufacturing clusters. We should further optimize the business environment, stabilize and improve market expectations, improve policies and measures, and guide the development of industries in China
fifth, we should pay attention to the improvement of labor quality. In the process of transforming traditional industries, we must adhere to people-oriented and attach great importance to the steady improvement of research technology and labor quality. We should explore new ways to educate people. 3. We should confirm that the power supply is under the specified voltage and grounded safely, strengthen the training of urgently needed professionals, vigorously develop vocational education, promote the collaboration between industry and education, and actively do a good job in staff transfer and reemployment training. We should create a long-term mechanism and policy environment conducive to giving full play to the "craftsman spirit", and lay a solid talent foundation for the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries
digitalization, networking and intelligence are the main ways of manufacturing innovation.
Zhou Ji pointed out that China's manufacturing industry will unswervingly promote the strategy of building a strong manufacturing country, and support the prosperity and strength of the country with the prosperity and strength of the manufacturing industry. It is believed that after 30 years of struggle, China will become a leading manufacturing power in the world. At present, the connotation of manufacturing innovation includes four levels: product innovation, production technology innovation, industrial model innovation, and manufacturing system integration innovation
Zhou Ji believes that "digitalization, networking and intellectualization are the main ways of manufacturing innovation at four levels."
Lu Chuan said that at present, intelligent manufacturing has become the main battlefield for the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry. First, in the era of digitalization and intelligence, we should establish a product view, manufacturing view, user view and ecological view that keep pace with the times; Second, the carrier of high-quality development of manufacturing industry is the manufacturing link, which is connected with R & D and service, and is the "main battlefield" that determines the production efficiency and product quality of enterprises; Third, we should strengthen the "short board" of life-cycle services, quickly build digital products, and comprehensively improve the level of intelligent services
in view of the Countermeasures for the optimization and upgrading of traditional manufacturing industry, Zhou Ji suggested: first, gather consensus, raise awareness, and strengthen the determination and confidence to build a manufacturing power; Second, carry out a new round of large-scale technological transformation to realize the innovation and upgrading of the entire manufacturing industry; Third, adhere to the principle of taking enterprises as the main body and market-oriented, mobilize resources from all aspects of society, and carry out collaborative innovation combining "use, production, learning, research, finance and government"; Fourth, strengthen the R & D and application of equipment and industrial software, serve the upgrading of traditional industries, and build an independent and controllable industrial chain; Fifth, strengthen scientific and technological innovation in traditional manufacturing industry, and solidly promote the optimization and upgrading of traditional manufacturing industry one by one